Industry & Supply Chain 4.0
An extended enterprise is a loosely coupled, self-organizing network of firms that combine their economic output to provide products and services offerings to the market. Firms in the extended enterprise may operate independently, for example, through market mechanisms, or cooperatively through agreements and contracts. Alternatively referred to as a "supply chain" or a "value chain", the extended enterprise describes the community of participants involved with provisioning a set of service offerings.
One of the foundations of Industry 4.0 consists in gathering as much data as possible from the diverse parts of the value chain. Such a data gathering should be performed in fast and efficient ways in order to be useful in a factory. Data collection can be carried out through systems that should allow for acquiring, storing, processing and exchanging in-formation with devices deployed in factories or suppliers, or owned by clients.
With the objective of providing such a level of connectivity, the Industry 4.0 paradigm proposes making use of relevant disruptive technologies that enable autonomous communications among multiple industrial devices distributed throughout a factory and on the Internet. Examples of such enabling technologies are 3D printing, Augmented Reality(AR), Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems (ICPS), IIoT or edge computing, which are included with other relevant Industry 4.0 technologies