Industry & Supply Chain 4.0

An extended enterprise is a loosely coupled, self-organizing network of firms that combine their economic output to provide products and services offerings to the market. Firms in the extended enterprise may operate independently, for example, through market mechanisms, or cooperatively through agreements and contracts. Alternatively referred to as a "supply chain" or a "value chain", the extended enterprise describes the community of participants involved with provisioning a set of service offerings.

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One of the foundations of Industry 4.0 consists in gathering  as  much  data  as  possible  from  the  diverse  parts  of  the value chain. Such a data gathering should be performed in fast and efficient ways in order to be useful in a factory. Data collection  can  be  carried  out  through  systems  that  should allow for acquiring, storing, processing and exchanging in-formation with devices deployed in factories or suppliers, or owned by clients.

With the objective of providing such a level of connectivity, the Industry 4.0 paradigm proposes making use of relevant disruptive technologies that enable autonomous communications  among  multiple  industrial  devices  distributed throughout a factory and on the Internet. Examples of such enabling  technologies  are  3D  printing,  Augmented  Reality(AR),  Industrial  Cyber-Physical  Systems  (ICPS),  IIoT  or edge  computing,  which  are  included  with  other  relevant Industry 4.0 technologies